By Sarah Pittman Graduate Student in Food Science and Human Nutrition at the University of Illinois The young adult human brain represents only 2% of body weight but requires 20% of the body’s resting energy needs, but this is not true for children. At age 10, a child’s brain represents 5-10% of body mass and consumes 1.5 times the oxygen per gram of tissue compared to an adult’s brain.1 This goes to show the importance and remarkable amount of energy the brain needs to function.1 As kids are back in school, it is important to think about what foods they should be eating to get optimum “brainpower” to be able to learn as much as they can in the classroom. Some of the most important years of brain development are in the early years of life, making nutrition during childhood so incredibly important. So what are the best “brainpower” foods? Important minerals in brain health include iron, zinc, iodine, copper and selenium help with emotions, behaviors, memory, and motor coordination.1 Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional disorder globally; affecting an estimated 2 billion people.1 Children with iron deficiency can have developmental delays and behavioral problems and have difficulty paying attention in or outside of the classroom.5 Zinc deficiency can occur if the diet lacks animal source foods or if a diet is high in maize since phytates found in maize interferes with the absorption of zinc.1 Zinc deficiency can present as stunted growth, deficits to motor development and impaired development.1,6 Although there have been mass efforts to improve iodine deficiency globally, it still remains the leading cause of preventable brain damage.1 This deficiency can cause impaired growth, infant and neonatal mortality causing detrimental neurodevelopment in fetal life, infancy and childhood.9 Important vitamins in brain health include: B vitamins, choline, and vitamin A. B vitamins are critical in brain function in that they primarily act as coenzymes in energy production, DNA/RNA synthesis, repair, and methylation, etc. Vitamin B 12 and B 9 are very important in the diet for brain function and deficiencies in childhood can result in developmental delays, neurologic problems and a diverging growth curve.3,4 Choline is incredibly important in the diet for brain development and the normal function of all cells.7,8 And, although choline deficiency is very rare, it can cause muscle damage, liver, kidney and pancreas damage and hinder the developing brain.8 Although these brain nutrients are especially important in children, it is in everyone’s best interest to eat a well-balanced diet with these and other essential vitamins and minerals! What foods do you eat that you consider “brainpower foods”? References:1. Goyal MS, Iannotti LL, Raichle ME. Brain Nutrition: A Life Span Approach. Annual Review Of Nutrition. 2018;38:381-399. doi:10.1146/annurev-nutr-082117-051652.2. Nutrition & Academic Performance – Today’s Dietitian Magazine. Todaysdietitian.com. https://www.todaysdietitian.com/newarchives/0819p24.shtml. Published 2019. Accessed August 30, 2019.3. Vitamin B12 deficiency in children – Stichting B12 Tekort. Stichting B12 Tekort. https://stichtingb12tekort.nl/wetenschap/stichting-b12-tekort-artikelen/english/vitamin-b12-deficiency-in-children/. Published 2019. Accessed August 30, 2019.4. Folate-Deficiency Anemia (Child). Fairview.org. https://www.fairview.org/patient-education/512073EN. Published 2019. Accessed August 30, 2019.5. Iron-Deficiency Anemia (for Parents) – KidsHealth. Kidshealth.org. https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/ida.html. Published 2019. Accessed August 30, 2019.6. Black MM. Zinc deficiency and child development. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;68(2 Suppl):464S–469S. doi:10.1093/ajcn/68.2.464S7. Office of Dietary Supplements – Choline. Ods.od.nih.gov. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Choline-HealthProfessional/. Published 2019. Accessed August 30, 2019.8. Sanders LM, Zeisel SH. Choline: Dietary Requirements and Role in Brain Development. Nutr Today. 2007;42(4):181–186. doi:10.1097/01.NT.0000286155.55343.fa9. EN P. Iodine deficiency in children. – PubMed – NCBI. Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25231449. Published 2019. Accessed August 30, 2019.
TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Real Madrid fear Man City (& Pep) advantage in Junior Firpo raceby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveReal Madrid face competition for the signing of Real Betis defender Junior Firpo.Real see Firpo as a long-term successor for veteran wing-back Marcelo and are willing to pay his €50m buyout clause.However, El Confidencial says Manchester City are also keen, where manager Pep Guardiola is a fan.And concerning for Real Madrid is City’s advantage as Firpo’s agent is Pere Guardiola, the manager’s brother.The situation could lead to Real president Florentino Perez moving immediately to meet Firpo’s clause and close a deal before City have time to act.
The Ohio State women’s volleyball team will see postseason action for the second straight year after receiving an at-large bid to the 2010 NCAA Tournament. The Buckeyes will face Atlantic Sun Conference champion Lipscomb (24-6) at 6 p.m. Friday at the Thomas J. Frericks Center at the University of Dayton. “They’re a very good all-around team,” OSU coach Geoff Carlston said. “They run things very fast, they’re efficient and they don’t make a ton of mistakes.” Lipscomb is a change of pace from the big, powerful teams the Buckeyes face in the Big Ten. “They’re a little bit different from the teams we’ve seen because of their speed and how they run their offense,” Carlston said. “They have six or seven just all-around great volleyball players.” The Buckeyes are going to have to tweak their game plan for a new type of opponent, junior middle blocker Kelli Barhorst said. “We’re really going to utilize their left side because they are a shorter, scrappier team,” she said. “We’re going to use our power against them.” The Buckeyes are glad to see the Big Ten gauntlet end but realize that their schedule has prepared them for tournament play, senior outside hitter Katie Dull said. “Every week in the Big Ten, every game it was like, ‘OK, this is the most important match of the season,’” she said. With a record of 22-11 and a sixth-place finish in the Big Ten, making the tournament wasn’t a sure thing for the Buckeyes. Carlston said the selection show was a nerve-racking experience for the team, watching all the schools get picked in front of them before they finally got selected to the last bracket. “It was a very nervous moment for us,” Barhorst said. Carlston said the goal heading into Friday’s match is getting the team healthy. “We’re trying to get everyone healthy this week so we are ready to go at full strength Friday,” Carlston said. The Buckeyes hope that, with the match being close to home, there will be a swarm of scarlet and gray in the stands. “We’ve got the band going, we’ve got a bus or two going, we’ve got Block ‘O,’” Carlston said. “You never know who is going to make the road trip.” If the Buckeyes win Friday, they will advance to play the winner between Horizon League champion Butler (21-9) and Atlantic 10 champion Dayton (27-3) at 5:30 p.m. Saturday.
Trump in April ordered an Interior Department review of the ban with the goal of exploration in the offshore areas. Some Environmental groups say presidents can permanently withdraw areas but the law makes no provision to reopen areas. Former President Barack Obama withdrew Arctic waters under provisions of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act. Obama also banned exploration in 5,937 square miles (15,377 square kilometers) of Atlantic Ocean canyon complexes. Judge Gleason ruled the plaintiffs have standing in the case and it can move forward. Federal court Judge Sharon Gleason ruled that environmental groups can sue to keep the ban in place. Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享A Federal Judge in Anchorage ruled on Monday, in Anchorage, that a lawsuit challenging President Donald Trump’s reversal of a ban on petroleum drilling in most of the Arctic Ocean and Atlantic underwater canyons can move forward.
Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Could Snapchat be branching out?It seems highly possible, according to a Cnet.com report indicating the $16 billion company is recruiting a number of hardware specialists.Related: Snapchat Sees 6 Billion Video Views Every Day. But What Does This Figure Actually Mean?Though everyone working for the stealth project is staying quiet, Snapchat has hired at least 16 wearable technology specialists from a variety of backgrounds to work on the team, according to the outlet.There’s no telling what the team is actually doing in that Snap Lab, but it’s entirely possible they’re hard at working developing a “Snapchat Glass” (most members reportedly have experience developing smart glasses or related devices).The release of its own wearable devices could help Snapchat expand its consumer base and longevity, since right now most of its users are teenagers. It could also make the social network more accessible, eliminating the need for users to navigate through their phones to find the app.If Snapchat is developing smart glasses, it has a tricky PR battle ahead. As proven with Google Glass, encouraging people to wear computers on their faces can be problematic.Related: The Quick Guide to Using Snapchat for Business in 2016Back in 2013, even Snapchat CEO and co-founder Evan Spiegel seemed hesitant about the idea.”[Y]ou kind of feel like you have a gun pointed at you, and that doesn’t fit into the Snapchat experience and certainly doesn’t make Snapchatters feel comfortable — so that’s not something we’re willing to explore right now,” he told The Huffington Post. But it appears Spiegel may have had a change in heart. This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. March 14, 2016 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 2 min read Enroll Now for Free