Trust Bank Limited (The Gambia) (TBL.gh) listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2018 abridged results.For more information about Trust Bank Limited (The Gambia) (TBL.gh) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Trust Bank Limited (The Gambia) (TBL.gh) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Trust Bank Limited (The Gambia) (TBL.gh) 2018 abridged results.Company ProfileTrust Bank (Gambia) Limited is a private commercial bank in the Gambia offering banking products and services to the retail and business sectors. The company is also known as Trust Bank Limited (TBL) or Trust Bank (Gambia). It was founded in 1997 by private investors and, at its inception, acquired the assets and liabilities of the defunct Meridian Biao (Gambia) Bank. Today, Trust Bank (Gambia) is one of the largest commercial banks in the Gambia in both asset size and by branch network; it has over 1 000 shareholders with the largest shareholder being the Social Security and Housing Finance Corporation (SSHFC) of the Gambia and DataBank of Ghana. Trust Bank Limited (The Gambia) is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange
Royston Wild has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Share investors really have fallen out of love with Intu Properties (LSE: INTU). The retail property play’s share price has fallen by 90% over the past year as difficult conditions for physical retailers has hit profits and its debt pile has ballooned.Like all REITs, Intu has a rich history of offering chunky dividends to investors. But the business — which as of last June was suffocating under £4.7bn of net debt — stopped doling out shareholder payouts last year.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Not Intu youThis isn’t the main worry investors are grappling with today though. Concerns over its very existence have been steadily rising and Intu’s outlook is, as I type, bleaker than ever before. The small-cap’s been divesting assets like it’s going out of fashion of late, raising half a billion pounds in 2019 alone from sales. Plans to mend the balance sheet have suffered a body blow this week though. Intu had hoped to raise £1bn through an equity raise this month, and its shares leapt on Monday following news it was talking to new investors like Link Real Estate Investment Trust over the cash call.It didn’t take long for the bubble to burst. Just a day later, Intu said China’s Link would “no longer participate in a recapitalisation of the company,” causing the UK stock’s share price to tank to fresh record lows.Talks continue with both existing and potential investors over the equity raise. But investors are still desperately looking for a chink of light at the end of the tunnel. Indeed, there are some that believe the company will need more than the £1bn it’s currently seeking under current cash call plans. The boffins at Peel Hunt, for example, believe Intu should be aiming to raise DOUBLE that amount.Valentine’s Day disasterAs if its battered balance sheet wasn’t enough to stress about, shareholders also have to contend with persistently-weak trading conditions across the retail sector. On Friday, latest credit card spending stats from UK Finance served as a reminder of how meek consumer confidence is at the moment.Total credit card spending dropped 2% year-on-year in November, the body said, to £16.5bn. Citizens instead seem to be prioritising paying down their debts instead of flashing the plastic on the high street or online. UK Finance says the annual growth rate of outstanding balances on credit cards stood at 2.4% in November, compare that with the recent high of 8.3% printed at the beginning of 2018.It’s quite likely this growing trend towards financial prudence is likely to last through 2020 too, given the probability that Brexit uncertainty looks set to persist as well. No wonder City analysts expect earnings at Intu to drop another 16% this year (they predict a 33% fall for 2019 too).And its profits outlook over the long term is also under threat from the steady growth of e-commerce. This is a share I think investors should sell out of straight away. Royston Wild | Friday, 14th February, 2020 | More on: INTU Image source: Getty Images I’m leaving you! A fallen dividend stock I’d sell before it’s too late Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. See all posts by Royston Wild Enter Your Email Address I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. 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LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS After nine years hard labour in the D2, Pau have thrust themselves back to the top table, and with Conrad Smith incoming, head coach Simon Mannix is optimistic Green army: Pau’s legion of fans will taste the riches of the Top 14 for the first time in nine years Rarely has one team dominated their rivals the way Pau have this season in ProD2. Crowned champions of France’s second division a month before the end of the regular season, Pau are 16 points clear of second-place Perpignan and now preparing for a return to the Top 14 after nine years out of the top-flight. Rugby World caught up with their head coach, former All Black Simon Mannix who, after spells as backs’ coach at Racing Metro and Munster, has guided Pau back to the promised land.Rugby World: What’s been the key to Pau’s success this season?Simon Mannix: I was fortunate to have a staff here who wanted to change and who followed everything I implemented very well. The players were very receptive, too, and that allowed us to get off to a good start in winning eight out of eight. The challenge was then maintaining that start and fortunately our work was good and we were able to keep the momentum going.RW: Surprised by the extent of Pau’s domination?SM: The foundations were outstanding before I arrived but when you set the bar high with guys who haven’t been exposed to the highest level I was a little concerned. But generally speaking I had 80 percent of squad who were very receptive and reacted quickly, and so we could carry it on to the end.Well-travelled: Simon Mannix has already coached at Racing Metro and Munster after a distinguished playing careerRW: Describe Pau as a club?SM: Pau has always been a very solid rugby base with a strong rugby culture. I knew if we could harness that then we could create something that would really gain momentum. It was also important that the players identified back with the town, that we played in a style that everyone would appreciate and carried ourselves off the field in a way that would make the town proud.RW: What’s been the influence of veterans such as Damien Traille and James Coughlan?SM: Damien Traille was an absolute leader in everything he did, on and off the field. Didn’t see a lot of him on the field because he had a few injuries but his presence and what it gives to players around him, you cannot underestimate that. James was an unknown coming over here, and possibly you could say he was an unsung hero in Irish rugby but his performances have been nothing short of outstanding, as have those of Jean Bouilhou, another of our experienced guys.RW: Describe Pau’s recruitment policy?SM: For me, first and foremost, it’s the off-field aspect, the human element. The fit has to be right. What environment has the player come from? What have they been exposed to in their careers? I’ve been trying to model the team with guys I can fully trust and guys who are prepared to run through the wall for you. To do that, you need to sit down with the players and get into their minds to see if they’re going to be the right fit. Guiding hand: 86-cap French centre Damien Traille has gone back to his home town to assistRW: All Blacks Colin Slade and Conrad Smith have signed, any other big names in the offing?SM: I’ve seen the CV of just about rugby player in the world! As has every director of rugby in the Top 14, I’m sure. The French market is very lively and it’s a tough sell at times, trying to sell players the future rather than what’s gone on in the past.RW: What about the rumour that Francois Steyn might be playing for Pau next season?SM: Francois Steyn is attracting the attention of everybody worldwide with his undoubted talent. I had a close working relationship with Francois at Racing and so people try and put two and two together, but often in the rumour market two and two can come out as five! We’ll wait and see what happens.RW: What about the Pau pack, will they be able to cope with the Top 14 physicality?SM: Yes, I’m more than confident that they will and remember that another of our big signings is Julien Pierre [the France & Clermont lock]. But I’m confident we have the players who can stand up to it physically. The big thing for me is that we must also show the rugby intelligence and the technique. That’s the big challenge, to improve as all-round rugby players and not just as physical monsters, because there must be a balance between technique and physicality. Pass master: Conrad Smith will bring some star quality to Pau for next seasonRW: You had a spell at Munster, how does the Pro12 compare to French rugby?SM: It’s difficult to compare championships because of the constraints in France. In Ireland there’s now qualification for Europe but you’re still not playing with a gun to your head every week as some clubs do in France because of the economic fallout that results from relegation to the ProD2. That pressure makes for a huge difference in the type of rugby played because the stakes are so high. The style will be different because the pressures are different.RW: What is your ambition for next season?SM: I want us to be competitive in every single game we play. It will be down to our ability to improve each week, to learn quickly and to adapt to what – for a lot of players – will be a new style of rugby because it’s a new level of rugby they’re being to exposed to. It’s going to be a huge challenge but this club has had nine years of waiting to get back to the top level and I’m sure the supporters are going to be putting in as much effort to support us as we are to show them this is a level in which we can exist.
Year: Manufacturers: Ruukki, Ekovilla, Pluspuu Products translation missing: en-US.post.svg.material_description Architects: Pluspuu Oy Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/804405/summer-house-on-the-baltic-sea-island-pluspuu-oy Clipboard Photographs: Samuli Miettinen Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Photographs Projects 2015 Area: 114 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Summer House on the Baltic Sea Island / Pluspuu OySave this projectSaveSummer House on the Baltic Sea Island / Pluspuu Oy Save this picture!© Samuli Miettinen+ 19 Share CopyHouses•Finland Summer House on the Baltic Sea Island / Pluspuu Oy “COPY” ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/804405/summer-house-on-the-baltic-sea-island-pluspuu-oy Clipboard Houses Project Manager:Arto SaksaContractor:Jarkko NikkiläArchitect In Charge:Esa LiesmäkiEngineer:Mikko KyläkoskiCountry:FinlandMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Samuli MiettinenText description provided by the architects. This unique rocky Island on the Baltic Sea belongs to the family living in Helsinki. The Island is 5,5 hectares and located in outer sea with huge sea views. The starting point to architectural planning was Pluspuu models Isokari and Luoto – villa and sauna. The houses were planned to different places on the island – distance about 900 m. Save this picture!Site PlanHouse models were modified according to family’s wishes and hopes and were fitted to the building sites rocky terrain and nature. The target was to plan houses like birds do their nests – they have to see everything from nest but no one has to see the nest. Save this picture!© Samuli MiettinenBoth houses are in two parts under the same roof. In the main house the rooms for quests are separated with handy decked intermediate space. And in the sauna house the sauna and washroom are separated from dressing room. Save this picture!Floor PlanSave this picture!ElevationsSave this picture!Sauna FloorThe most important thing in architectural design was naturally to catch the sea view and rocky nature to the part of houses. Only large and simple windows separates those. Save this picture!© Samuli MiettinenThe height positions of the houses were carefully planned. The house, large terrace made of Siberian larch and the rocky beach are in great harmony. Save this picture!© Samuli MiettinenThe circumstances in this island are really hard. In winter there may be snow one meter or more and temperature -25 degrees. In the summertime may easily be +30 degrees and sunshine whole day – on the other hand the wind and rain may be 35 meters/second. Save this picture!© Samuli MiettinenBoth houses are made of Pluspuu logs with special modern shape. There are no traditional log corners or overlaps. This makes possible modern architectural design. Log is an excellent material for this kind of buildings in hard circumstances – it is strong and lasting and it breaths – you can leave the building without heating even in the winter if you don’t use the it. In addition to architectural design there’s been paid great attention to engineering design. There is a special sealing between logs to keep the rainwater outside. Also in the eaves there are special wind deflectors. All the insulation materials are natural and breathing wooden fiber and linen. Plastics are not used. There are no nails also on outer surface. Save this picture!© Samuli MiettinenLog is the most used wall material in Finnish summer houses. This project represents modern Finnish and Scandinavian log cottage design at its best. Save this picture!© Samuli MiettinenProduct Description. Both buildings are made of modern logs without traditional log corners. The main houses walls are made of log frame + additional wooden fibre insulation + internal surface made of plasterboards. Sauna walls are made of solid log – inside painted white.Project gallerySee allShow lessPfaffenthal Lift / STEINMETZDEMEYERSelected ProjectsBE Friendly Space / H&P ArchitectsSelected Projects Share Finland “COPY” CopyAbout this officePluspuu OyOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesFinlandPublished on February 02, 2017Cite: “Summer House on the Baltic Sea Island / Pluspuu Oy” 02 Feb 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Mark Harris, one of the judging panel, and a freelance journalist who writes for the Metro and The Guardian said: “The breadth and quality of the websites we saw in this year’s Yahoo! Finds awards shows that innovation and imagination are alive and well in the UK. The best of our British sites can stand up to anything produced in Silicon Valley, delivering interesting, informative and fun content and surfing the latest Web 2.0 trends.”Yahoo! has now opened the last award, the People’s Choice Award, to voting. The British public now get the chance to vote for their favourite from the original 45 websites which were shortlisted as a Finds of the Year website. This means that the runners-up in the charity category could still scoop a prize. These runners-up are:* The Road to Beijing: a site which details one person’s efforts to participate in the 2008 Olympics as a marathon runner, and raise money for the British Lung Association.* Big White Box: a new way to buy and sell digital pictures, with profits being donated to Oxfam, Care and Save the Children.* Alternative Wedding List: the charitable gift list website where guests can make donations to charitable organisations on others’ behalf.* Dog Blood Donors: the website which allows dog owners to register for blood donations.Voting closes on 15 January 2007. Tagged with: Awards Digital Cowforce wins Yahoo!’s best charity website award AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 3 January 2007 | News 27 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Send A Cow’s Cowforce website for schoolchildren has won the best charity website award in the Yahoo! Finds of the Year 2006 awards.The Yahoo! Finds of the Year Awards, now in their fifth year, celebrate “the best that the UK has to offer on the internet.”Pledgebank.com, the website where people can create pledges and invite others to join them, and which as a result benefits a range of charities and voluntary organisations, won the award for best innovative website. Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
A new study commissioned by the United Soybean Board (USB) reveals the lack of access to broadband in rural areas takes a significant toll on American farmers and the economy.According to “Rural Broadband and the American Farmer: Connectivity Challenges Limit Agriculture’s Economic Impact and Sustainability,” an alarming 60% of U.S. farmers say they do not have enough connectivity to run their businesses. USB initiated the rural broadband study to better understand how and why farmers currently access the internet, and the implications that access has for farm business decisions, economic viability and overall sustainability.Data from the United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service indicates that farming contributes to nearly $133 billion of our country’s gross domestic product. Based on USB’s rural broadband survey, the lack of connectivity negatively impacts farmers responsible for $80 billion of gross domestic product.“End users ask farmers to deliver a consistent and high-quality crop without adequate internet access and reliable broadband speeds, which undoubtedly impacts their efficiency and sustainability,” says Tim Venverloh, vice president of sustainability strategy for USB.Other significant findings include:— 78% of farmers do not have a choice in internet service providers.— 60% of farmers say the internet service they do have is slow, with most relying on cell signals or hotspots to connect to the internet.— 40% of farmers have a fixed internet connection, while others rely on satellite connections.“There’s a clear disparity between connectivity in rural versus non-rural areas,” says Venverloh. “The lack of connectivity, however, extends to farmers past the farm gate. When farmers can’t maximize the functionality of their equipment, particularly in the middle of the field, it has repercussions beyond the farm. More and more of the future is about data and data transfer. The timely dissemination and use of data is becoming more important in a precision ag and decision ag world.”The results of the qualitative and quantitative research highlight the critical need to improve rural broadband access, which has implications far beyond quality of life (information, communication and entertainment) in addition to the livelihood for rural communities.“Farmers continually look for ways to improve efficiencies while protecting natural resources,” adds Venverloh. “Upwards of 50% of the farmers we surveyed want to incorporate more technology into their operations, but they are held back by limited connectivity. Improving their access to broadband needs to be a priority.”USB will share survey data with internet service providers, as well as influencer organizations working to tackle policy and technical challenges involved in delivering high-speed broadband access to rural communities.For background on the study, more than 2,000 primary and secondary farm operators responded to a combination of online and mail-in surveys to participate. Thanks to cooperation from American Farm Bureau Federation, American Soybean Association, Illinois Soybean Association and North Carolina Soybean Producers Association, the report represents a cross-section of U.S. agriculture. Participants included 86% who grow field or row crops such as corn and soybeans; 21% who grow specialty crops such as fruits and vegetables; and 55% who raise livestock. In-depth telephone interviews were also conducted with participants in eight states in July and August 2019.USB’s 73 farmer-directors work on behalf of all U.S. soybean farmers to achieve maximum value for their soy checkoff investments. These volunteers invest and leverage checkoff funds in programs and partnerships to drive soybean innovation beyond the bushel and increase preference for U.S. soy. That preference is based on U.S. soybean meal and oil quality and the sustainability of U.S. soybean farmers. As stipulated in the federal Soybean Promotion, Research and Consumer Information Act, the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service has oversight responsibilities for USB and the soy checkoff. For more information on the United Soybean Board, visit unitedsoybean.org.Source: United Soybean Board SHARE SHARE United Soybean Board Study Shows Internet Access Insufficient to Run Rural Businesses Facebook Twitter Previous articleFarm Bureau Releases Milk Program RecommendationsNext articleChina Talks in DC Underway Hoosier Ag Today Home Indiana Agriculture News United Soybean Board Study Shows Internet Access Insufficient to Run Rural Businesses Facebook Twitter By Hoosier Ag Today – Oct 9, 2019
Reporters Without Borders protested today against the closure of 10 independent radio stations in Niger for supposedly bureaucratic reasons and called for harassment of the country’s media to stop.The state communications council, the CSC, told the stations to cease broadcasting on 25 September, but all said they would defy the order and stay on the air.Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Robert Ménard called on the Niger government to immediately lift the suspensions, release Ibrahim Souley, editor of the weekly L’Enquêteur, who has been in jail since 13 September, and reaffirm its commitment to press freedom.The CSC cancelled the broadcasting licences of the 10 privately-owned stations, saying they were improperly issued. The CSC’s current members are challenging decisions taken by their predecessors. Among the stations affected are Horizon FM, Sahara FM, Saraounia FM and Radio Madiana.Souley was arrested on 13 September and jailed in Niamey prison three days later. The state prosecutor had complained of an article in issue 169 of the paper accusing the government of contributing to the sudden wealth of local businessman Djibo Zakou. It reported that business people from eastern Niger were angry that Zakou, who comes from the western part of the country, had got “juicy contracts.” September 29, 2003 – Updated on January 20, 2016 10 radio stations closed down November 27, 2020 Find out more NigerAfrica RSF_en News Niger: Two journalists arrested in disturbing setback for press freedom The conviction of Niger newspaper editor Moussa Aksar is an attack on investigative journalism Help by sharing this information News May 11, 2021 Find out more The state communications council ordered 10 independent radio stations to shut down on 25 September. Reporters Without Borders denounced the move as repressive and called for the government to declare its commitment to press freedom. Follow the news on Niger NigerAfrica Receive email alerts Reports News to go further July 16, 2020 Find out more Organisation The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa
Supreme Court Directs To Constitute National Tribunal Commission For Appointments To Tribunals, Lawyers With 10Yrs Practice Eligible For Appointment As Judicial Members
Top StoriesSupreme Court Directs To Constitute National Tribunal Commission For Appointments To Tribunals, Lawyers With 10Yrs Practice Eligible For Appointment As Judicial Members LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK26 Nov 2020 10:39 PMShare This – x[Updated with judgment]In a notable judgment, the Supreme Court on Friday directed the Central Government to constitute a National Tribunal Commission for the appointment of members in various Tribunals. Till the constitution of the National Tribunal Commission, a separate wing in the Ministry of Finance should be formed to cater to the needs of the Tribunals, ordered a bench…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login[Updated with judgment]In a notable judgment, the Supreme Court on Friday directed the Central Government to constitute a National Tribunal Commission for the appointment of members in various Tribunals. Till the constitution of the National Tribunal Commission, a separate wing in the Ministry of Finance should be formed to cater to the needs of the Tribunals, ordered a bench comprising Justices L Nageswara Rao, Hemant Gupta and S Ravindra Bhat.The Court also directed the Centre to amend the rules to make advocates with 10 years practice eligible for appointment as judicial members in Tribunals.The Bench has pronounced the Judgment in a batch of petitions challenging the constitutionality of the ‘Tribunal, Appellate Tribunal and other Authorities (Qualifications, Experience and other Conditions of Service of Members) Rules, 2020 (‘Tribunal Rules 2020)’. The lead petition was filed by the Madras Bar Association.The Court has issued several directions to the Central Government to amend the Tribunal Rules to ensure independence and efficiency of Tribunals.DirectionsNational Judicial CommissionThe Union of India shall constitute a National Tribunals Commission which shall act as an independent body to supervise the appointments and functioning of Tribunals, as well as to conduct disciplinary proceedings against members of Tribunals and to take care of administrative and infrastructural needs of the Tribunals, in an appropriate manner. Till the National Tribunals Commission is constituted, a separate wing in the Ministry of Finance, Government of India shall be established to cater to the requirements of the Tribunals.Constitution of Search cum Selection committee changedInstead of the four-member Search-cum-Selection Committees provided for in Column (4) of the Schedule to the 2020 Rules with the Chief Justice of India or his nominee, outgoing or sitting Chairman or Chairperson or President of the Tribunal and two Secretaries to the Government of India, the Search-cum-Selection Committees should comprise of the following members :a)The Chief Justice of India or his nominee—Chairperson (with a casting vote).(b)The outgoing Chairman or Chairperson or President of the Tribunal in case of appointment of the Chairman or Chairperson or President of the Tribunal (or) the sitting Chairman or Chairperson or President of the Tribunal in case of appointment of other members of the Tribunal (or) a retired Judge of the Supreme Court of India or a retired Chief Justice of a High Court in case the Chairman or Chairperson or President of the Tribunal is not a Judicial member or if the Chairman or Chairperson or President of the Tribunal is seeking re-appointment—member;(c)Secretary to the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India—member;(d)Secretary to the Government of India from a department other than the parent or sponsoring department, nominated by the Cabinet Secretary—member;(e)Secretary to the sponsoring or parent Ministry or Department—Member Secretary/Convener (without a vote). Till amendments are carried out, the 2020 Rules shall be read in the manner indicated.Recommendation of one name instead of a panel of three namesRule 4(2) of the 2020 Rules shall be amended to provide that the Search-cum-Selection Committee shall recommend the name of one person for appointment to each post instead of a panel of two or three persons for appointment to each post. Another name may be recommended to be included in the waiting list.Term increasedThe Chairpersons, Vice-Chairpersons and the members of the Tribunal shall hold office for a term of five years and shall be eligible for reappointment. Rule 9(2) of the 2020 Rules shall be amended to provide that the Vice-Chairman, Vice-Chairperson and Vice President and other members shall hold office till they attain the age of sixty-seven yearHousing/allowances to ChairpersonsThe Union of India shall make serious efforts to provide suitable housing to the Chairman or Chairperson or President and other members of the Tribunals. If providing housing is not possible, the Union of India shall pay the Chairman or Chairperson or President and Vice-Chairman, Vice-Chairperson, Vice President of the Tribunals an amount of Rs. 1,50,000/-per month as house rent allowance and Rs. 1,25,000/-per month for other members of the Tribunals. This direction shall be effective from 01.01.2021.Advocates with 10 years practice made eligible for appointmentThe 2020 Rules shall be amended to make advocates with an experience of at least 10 years eligible for appointment as judicial members in the Tribunals. While considering advocates for appointment as judicial members in the Tribunals, the Search-cum-Selection Committee shall take into account the experience of the Advocate at the bar and their specialization in the relevant branches of law. They shall be entitled for reappointment for at least one term by giving preference to the service rendered by them for the Tribunals.The members of the Indian Legal Service shall be eligible for appointment as judicial members in the Tribunals, provided that they fulfil the criteria applicable to advocates subject to suitability to be assessed by the Search-cum-Selection Committee on the basis of their experience and knowledge in the specialized branch of lawRecommendation of search cum selection committee final as far as disciplinary proceedings are concernedRule 8 of the 2020 Rules shall be amended to reflect that the recommendations of the Search-cum-Selection Committee in matters of disciplinary actions shall be final and the recommendations of the Search-cum-Selection Committee shall be implemented by the Central Government.Appointments within 3 months of recommendationsThe Union of India shall make appointments toTribunals within three months from the date on which the Search-cum-Selection Committee completes the selection process and makes its recommendations.2020 Rules to have prospective effectThe 2020 Rules shall have prospective effect and will be applicable from 12.02.2020, as per Rule 1(2) of the 2020 Rules.(xi)Appointments made prior to the 2017 Rules are governed by the parent Acts and Rules which established the concerned Tribunals. In view of the interim orders passed by the Court in Rojer Mathew(supra), appointments made during the pendency of Rojer Mathew(supra) were also governed by the parent Acts and Rules. Any appointments that were made after the 2020 Rules came into force i.e. on or after 12.02.2020 shall be governed by the 2020 Rules subject to the modifications directed in the preceding paragraphs of this judgment.Validity of appointments under 2020 RulesAppointments made under the 2020 Rules till the date of this judgment, shall not be considered invalid, insofar as they conformed to the recommendations of the Search-cum-Selection Committees in terms of the 2020 Rules. Such appointment sare upheld, and shall not be called into question on the ground that the Search-cum-Selection Committees which recommended the appointment of Chairman, Chairperson, President or other members were in terms of the 2020 Rules, as they stood before the modifications directed in this judgment. They are, in other words, saved.In case the Search-cum-Selection Committees have made recommendations after conducting selections in accordance with the 2020 Rules, appointments shall be made within three months from today and shall not be subject matter of challenge on the ground that they are not in accord with this judgment. The Chairpersons, Vice Chairpersons and members of the Tribunals appointed prior to 12.02.2020 shall be governed by the parent statutes and Rules as per which they were appointed. The 2020 Rules shall be applicable with the modifications directed in the preceding paragraphs to those who were appointed after 12.02.2020. BackgroundThe Madras Bar Association filed the writ petition in the Supreme Court challenging the constitutionality of the ‘Tribunal, Appellate Tribunal and other Authorities (Qualifications, Experience and other Conditions of Service of Members) Rules, 2020 (‘Tribunal Rules 2020)’.Senior Advocate Arvind P Datar had made elaborate arguments for the Madras Bar Association.It is contended that the Rules are in “contravention of the principles of separation of powers, independence of the judiciary (both being part of the basic structure of our Constitution), and are against efficient and effective administration of justice”.The Rules were notified by the Central Government in February 2020, exercising powers under Section 184 of the Finance Act 2017, after the Supreme Court set aside the similar rules made in 2017 in the decision Rojer Mathew v. South Indian Bank Ltd delivered on November 13, 2019.The Constitution Bench also referred to larger bench the issue whether the Finance Act 2017 could have been passed as a money bill, after expressing doubts over thecorrectness of treating Aadhar Act as money bill.The Constitution Bench held in Rojer Mathew that the 2017 Rules were ultra vires “”for contravening the principles of separation of powers, diluting the independence of the Judiciary and for being against previous decisions of this Hon’ble Court.”The petition stated that the very same problem is present in the new 2020 Rules as well.Tribunal Rules 2020 : Old Wine In New Bottle? On 9th October, the Court had reserved judgment in the matter, while directing that the terms of all Chairpersons, Vice-Chairpersons and other members of all the 19 Tribunals, which were due to expire, would be extended till December 31st, 2020. On 1st October, Senior Advocate Arvind Datar, appearing for the Madras Bar Association, had argued that members of Tribunals, who were retired High Court and Supreme Court judges, could not be expected to hunt for houses post retirement and accordingly, the same must be provided, as it discourages good candidates from taking up the posts in the tribunals. In response, the AG cited from the Roger Mathews judgment that ” there can be no doubt that Executive action cannot confer status equivalent to that of either Supreme Court or High Court judges on any member or head of any Tribunal or other judicial fora”. The AG had also advanced the submission that by the operation of Section 175 of the Finance Act 2017, a new sub-section (7) came to be added to Section 129 of the Customs Act, stipulating that the qualifications, appointment, tenure, salaries, removal and terms and conditions of service of the presiding officer and the members of the CESTAT shall be governed by Section 184 of the Finance Act. As regards the date of applicability of the 2020 Rules, whose purported retrospective application was being challenged, the AG indicated Section 183 of the Finance Act to submit that notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any of the 19 parents Acts under which the tribunals are constituted, on and from the appointed day, the provision of Section 184 shall apply in matters of appointment, qualifications, removal, tenure, salaries and terms and conditions of service. “So 184 Rules, when made, shall apply”, said the AG. On 15th September, Senior Advocate Arvind Datar had argued that not allowing advocates to be appointed as judicial officers in Tribunals was an arbitrary decision. Further, the 2010 judgement of Union of India v. Madras Bar Association had struck down the Selection Committee. Additionally, the 2017 Finance Bill did not contain any provisions with regard to Tribunals. However, the Bill had been passed, there was a complete chapter on the same.During the course of the proceedings, the Supreme Court had also stayed the operation of a Kerala High Court judgement which had restrained V. Vijaykumar from functioning as the Presiding Officer of the Central Government Industrial-cum-Labour Court, Ernakulam. Notice had also been issued. Click here to download the judgmentRead JudgmentNext Story
Supreme Court Grants Relief To Mamata Banerjee’s Election Agent SK Supian, Stays High Court Order Reviving Cases Against Him In Nandigram Violence
Top StoriesSupreme Court Grants Relief To Mamata Banerjee’s Election Agent SK Supian, Stays High Court Order Reviving Cases Against Him In Nandigram Violence Srishti Ojha26 March 2021 5:33 AMShare This – xSupreme Court Grants Relief To Mamata Banerjee’s Election Agent SK Supian, Stays High Court Order Reviving Cases Against Him In Nandigram ViolenceSupreme Court has on Friday granted interim relief to Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee’s election agent SK Supian in relation to matter of revived FIRs against him in Nandigram violence case.A division Bench of Justice Indira Banerjee and Justice Krishna Murari has ordered an ad-inetrim stay on the High Court’s order dated 5 March 2021 issued in response to a PIL. The FIRs in which SK Supian was…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginSupreme Court has on Friday granted interim relief to Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee’s election agent SK Supian in relation to matter of revived FIRs against him in Nandigram violence case.A division Bench of Justice Indira Banerjee and Justice Krishna Murari has ordered an ad-inetrim stay on the High Court’s order dated 5 March 2021 issued in response to a PIL. The FIRs in which SK Supian was named in relation to the Nandigram violence were withdrawn by the West Bengal government in 2020.The special leave petition has been filed against an order dated 5th march 2021 issued in a PIL whereby orders were issued to re-instate the criminal cases against Supian.The Additional chief Judicial Magistrate Contai, through an order dated 10th feb 2020 had discharged the petitioner from case initiated against him.There Court observed that while there were other similar matters discharging accused persons from proceedings, the Court is not concerned with them at this stage.The Court noted that all contentions may be heard in the writ petition before division Bench of the High Court. However as the order effects the petitioner was passed without hearing petitioner, the Court deemed it appropriate to pass an interim order staying operation of the order dated 5th March 2022 so far as it pertains to the petitioner for a period of 2 weeks till date or until order of High Court hears the case, whichever is earlier.During the heading Sr Advocate Mukul Rohatgi opposed the relief sought. He stated that “all cases are of 302 and kidnapping. Chargesheet has been filed, and are pending before session court. This man is absconding in all cases. “He further added that the order was passed in presence of state govt, and all this is happening at the behest of the state. They didn’t even file an application under 321 and they say withdrawal will bring peace by letting go murder accused.”The trial court doesn’t apply its mind. You are letting loose these criminals in public! It said that peace has been restored. Peace cannot be restored in case of 302. This is a shocking case where these cases are being withdrawn in a shocking fashion.”Rohatgi remarked.”Because of election you are leaving all gunda’s? All involved in such heinous offences!” Rohatgi said.Rohatgi further added that “there has to be material on record. What is their material to say that there would be peace, that too for people who have been absconding! Public interest would be served by letting loose murderers.”Senior Counsel Rohatgi submitted that the justice is being buried and stifled.”Why is the state government challenging it before this court. Are they in cohoots with these people.” he said.Senior Adv Vikas Singh appearing for Supian submitted that in case of Nandigram violence, applications under Section 321 CrPC were accepted by the Trial court. A PIL was filed by a BJP leader before High Court and the court decided to revive the charges ex parte. This leads to the petitioner who is an of Chief Minister completely disabled. He stated that this order needs to be stayed and the High Court can take a final view once they are heard.Senior Adv AM Singhvi appearing for West Bengal submitted that the Supreme Court itself has given powers to the state government to withdraw cases in political agitations. An elected government can decide to withdraw such cases to create goodwill.Referring to the High Court’s ex parte order, Singhvi stated that he hasn’t a single case in the judicial history where such directions have been given in a PIL.Senior Adv Luthra pointed out the timing of the writ petition, saying that the orders were passed in February and June 2020, and the writ has come in March 2021, just before the West Bengal elections.The present Special Leave Petition has been filed by Sk. Supian, being aggrieved by the passing of an order by the Calcutta High Court on 05.03.2021 in a PIL petition, without him being given notice, being impleaded, or an opportunity to be heard, which resulted in re- institution of criminal cases against the him in which he was discharged or acquitted in February 2020.The Petitioner has stated that he was discharged by the Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate in February 2020, under S. 321, CrPC, in certain criminal cases. These cases were based on baseless charge sheets filed in the context of mass protests against improper land acquisition measures undertaken by the Government of West Bengal during the years 2007-2009 to create a Special Economic Zone in Nandigram, West Bengal.According to the petitioner, the cases against him alleged that he had engaged in an unlawful assembly and had participated in violence. However, in February 2020 and June 2020, the public prosecutor had filed applications in these cases for withdrawal of prosecution. The High Court in two PILs Dipak Misra v. State of West Bengal & Ors., and Nilanjan Adhikary v. State of West Bengal and Ors., reversed the decision to discharge and acquit him.Supian in his plea alleged that his personal liberty has been prejudiced, as he was not impleaded before passing of the impugned order, and was granted no opportunity to be heard by the High Court. He became aware of the cases upon knowledge of initiation of the process to issue arrest warrants when criminal cases were reinstituted against him by the Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, Contai.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story